the history of the palazzina di via panisperna


The physicist Pietro Blaserna (1836-1918) was the first professor of experimental physics at the Royal University of Rome. He was also the first director of the Royal Physical Institute.


The Minister of Education appointed a commission to identify a site for the new Physics Institute. They chose Viminale Hill.


 Inauguration of the new Physics Institute of the Royal University of Rome in via Panisperna: the first practical school of physics in Italy is born.


The Palazzina hosts  the Central Office of the International Chorister 


Pietro Blaserna established the Circolo Fisico of Rome, aiming to "promote the diffusion of science through conferences, discussions and reports".


Blaserna founded The Italian Physical Society in via Panisperna. He was the first President


Blaserna established the chair of Complementary Physics, and Alfonso Sella was the first Professor.


Vito Volterra arrived  in Rome as the chair of Mathematical Physics 


Orso Mario Corbino (1876-1937) arrived in Rome as the chair of Complementary Physics


Pietro Blaserna died. Orso Mario Corbino succeeded him as the chair of experimental physics and director of the Istituto Fisico.

Antonino Lo Surdo took the chair of Complementary Physics. In 1922, it would become the Chair of Higher Physics.


Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) and Orso Mario Corbino met for the first time.


Corbino founded the “Ufficio del Radio”, directed by Giulio Cesare Trabacchi (1884-1959)


Fermi took the first Italian chair of Theoretical Physics in Rome


Emilio Segrè (1905-1989), Edoardo Amaldi 1908-1989) and Ettore Majorana (1906-?) changed faculty from engineering to physics. Rasetti arrived in Rome as Corbino's assistant


On March 29th, Mussolini named Fermi a Royal Academy of Italy member. The same year, Fermi and Rasetti, supported by Corbino, shifted their research towards nuclear physics


Rasetti took the first chair of Spectroscopy.


Via Panisperna hosts the 1st International Congress of Nuclear Physics from 11 to 17 October.

1934 Annus Mirabilis

Fermi formulated the theory of beta decay.

In March he obtained the first results of artificial radioactivity produced with neutron bombardment.

Oscar D'Agostino (1901-1975) and Bruno Pontecorvo (1913-1993) joined the group.

On 20 October Fermi had the intuition of inserting a cube of paraffin between the radioactive source and the substance to be irradiated: the increase in the efficiency of artificial radioactivity was discovered due to the slowing down of neutrons.

On October 26, the group patented the process of producing artificial radioactive substances by means of neutron bombardment and the increase in the efficiency of this process due to the slowing down of neutrons.


The group began to fall apart.


Tthe Physics Institute is transferred to the new premises of the University of Rome in piazzale Aldo Moro. In via Panisperna Corbino created the National Institute of Electroacoustics of the CNR.


On January 23, Orso Mario Corbino died


The “Palazzina” lost its scientific function. It will later become the headquarters of the State Police Archive.


The Law n. 62 of 15 March established  the “Enrico Fermi” Historical Museum and Research Center


After a long and complex renovation, the historical building re-established its scientific function.

Via Panisperna 89 A – 00184 Roma

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