Its mission is therefore also to preserve and disseminate the memory of the life and work of Enrico Fermi in Italy and around the world and to promote its wide dissemination and communication. In particular, this is made possible thanks to the creation of the historical museum of physics ‘The scientific legacy of Enrico Fermi’.
Starting in 2013, a working group was established, composed of physicists and historians of physics, with the task of defining the scientific contents of the future museum based in the monumental complex of via Panisperna.
A path for visitors was established that, through ten significant “stages”, retraces Fermi’s life and scientific discoveries, from Rome to America: Visitors can immerse themselves in this engaging and exciting ‘adventure’ by encountering a combination of objects displayed in an innovative way and traditional informative panels with modern multimedia technologies, from graphic displays to interactive panels, from touch screens to holographic ones. The goal is for visitors to be engaged and inspired regardless of their specific scientific knowledge.
To evaluate the effectiveness of the solutions chosen, a temporary exhibition entitled “Enrico Fermi —a Creative Balance between Theories and Experiments” was set up in 2015, inaugurated as part of the Genoa Science Festival. With minor changes and the title “Enrico Fermi—a double Genius between Theories and Experiments”, the exhibition was then opened from 10 February to 22 May 2016 in Bologna, at the former church of San Mattia with the support of the Polo Museale of the Emilian city. Both exhibitions were a great success with the public, with about 15,000 visitors each, including children from many schools, from elementary to high school.
Today, in its final location within the historical complex of via Panisperna, the exhibition has become a permanent historical museum of physics, housed on the ground floor of the building, where the greatness of Fermi, his extraordinary stature as a master and giant of 20th-century physics, his formidable scientific achievements—in all cases the result of an exceptional creative mind ‘in balance’ between theories and experiments—are effectively illustrated in the course entitled: the scientific legacy of Enrico Fermi.
- Guerra, N. Robotti, The Lost Notebook of Enrico Fermi, 2015, then 2017;
- Focaccia, Pietro Blaserna and the Birth of the Institute of Physics in Rome—A Gentleman Scientist at Via Panisperna, 2016, then 2019;
- Leone and N. Robotti, The Senator of Physics: 1848–1943, 2019
- Battimelli, G. Paoloni, University, Industry and Politics: Orso Mario Corbino as Organizer of Physical Research in Italy (1908–1937), 2020
- Focaccia, Bear Mario Corbino. A Research Manager at the Physical Institute of Rome. Anthology of Writings (in press)