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  • Orari di apertura: Lun - Sab: 9am - 7pm
  • Via Panisperna 89A 00184 Roma, Italia
  • 06 45502901

The museum itinerary The scientific legacy FIND OUT MORE of enrico fermi. FIND OUT MORE Discover them all THE NAMES OF FERMI FIND OUT MORE Discover them all THE NAMES OF FERMI FIND OUT MORE Discover them all THE COLLABOTRATORS OF FERMI

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ENRICO FERMI
MASTER OF XX CENTURY PHYSICS

Fermi’s greatness, his extraordinary figure as a master and giant of 20th century physics, his formidable scientific achievements, the result of an exceptional creative mind ‘in balance’ between theories and experiments, are effectively illustrated within the path museum The scientific legacy of Enrico Fermi.

A TRIP
IN PHYSICS

A journey that, through about ten significant ‘stages’, retraces Fermi’s life and scientific discoveries, from Rome to America:

the visitor can immerse themselves in this engaging and exciting ‘adventure’ by combining traditional objects and panels with modern multimedia technologies in an innovative way, from graphic displays to interactive panels, from touch screens to holographic and holographic ones.

Risorsa 4xxxhdpi

MONUMENTAL COMPLEX
OF VIA PANISPERNA

The monumental complex of Via Panisperna is an integral part of this route, with the ‘fountain of goldfish’ – aqua fontis – where it is said that Fermi and his group carried out experiments on the slowing down of neutrons; the staircase at the entrance, immortalized in 1931 on the occasion of the first international congress of nuclear physics; the monumental internal staircase and the corridors on the first floor, where the ‘Corbino’s boys’ ran between the irradiation of one element and the other, with Fermi always in the lead!

50000

VISITORS

12

ROOMS

2

HOURS OF EXPERIENCE

SURFACE
OF FERMI
SCOPRI DI PIÚ If we consider a gas of fermions at zero temperature in the space of impulses, the set of energy states occupied forms a volume (Fermi) whose surface, defined by the value of the Fermi energy, is called Fermi surface. The surface is a (Fermi) sphere in the case of free fermions.
GAS
DI FERMI
SCOPRI DI PIÚ It is a set of a large number of non-interacting fermionic particles, characterized by their density, temperature and the set of energy states available. In this gas, at absolute zero, the total energy is greater than the sum of the energies of the ground state of the individual particles due to the exclusion principle which, by preventing the particles from staying in the same quantum state, creates an interaction or pressure that holds the ferrmioni far from each other and in motion. This pressure stabilizes neutron stars (made up mostly of neutrons) or dwarf stars (with an electron gas inside) against compression due to gravity, which tends to transform the star into a black hole. However, this phenomenon can occur if the initial mass of the star is sufficiently large.
FERMIONI SCOPRI DI PIÚ It was Dirac, in a public presentation held at Le Palais de la Découverte in Paris, on December 6, 1945, who introduced the name of fermions for particles that satisfy the Pauli Principle, and of bosons for all the others .

MUSEUM
OF SCIENCE
DEDICATED TO

At the end of 2019 the “Enrico Fermi” Historical Museum of Physics and Study and Research Center finally came into possession of the historic monumental complex in via Panisperna, completely restored, as the definitive seat for its activities. The complex, inaugurated in 1881, was entirely designed by the physicist from Gorizia Pietro Blaserna (1836-1918), who also supervised its total construction, to house the Royal Institute of Physics.